Combat jiu jitsu (CJJ), as a form of Personal Defense or Combat System, contemplates all possible combat distances with empty hands, without limits on techniques or power in its execution. His arsenal is striking designs with fists, elbows, legs, and knees. The demolition or projection and the combat on the ground are also worked on, allowing the beating, the dislocations, and the strangulations.
In 2015, after several meetings, combat jiu jitsu Spain became an Associate Discipline in the Spanish Federation of Jiu-Jitsu and DA (FEJJYDA), a federation chaired by Master Juan Delgado Senciales and a fundamental piece for the entry of CJJ into the organization.
Combat jiu jitsu, like any other contact sport or martial art, can be practiced by everyone, regardless of the objective. It gets you in shape, makes you "disconnect," teaches you to fight, eliminates stress, keeps your mind active, hardens you physically and mentally... and proposes goals such as competition, specialization courses, grade passes, teaching courses, arbitration courses, and seminars.
The learning system is structured by colored belts to ensure a correct evolution, guaranteeing positive results for the student, assimilating more complex techniques as the level increases, and at the same time achieving maximum protection for the athlete.
How many types of combat are there?
More frequently known as MMA, its acronym in English (mixed martial arts), or AMM, its acronym in Spanish. It combines many martial arts, some more traditional and some modern. Its use is determined as a form of personal defense, either used in competition or practiced in public and private institutions for training, learning, and instruction. This type of contact sport is studied in subjects of the upper cycle of Physical Conditioning.
It is a complete discipline since it houses many martial arts. Within the same combat, various fighting techniques and styles can be used and employed. For this reason, there is great variability in blows, holds, takedowns, and grabs. You can fight both standing up and on the ground, and at any time, you can use different techniques depending on your position.
We find punches, kicks, knees, elbows, and throws or projections among the most outstanding technical resources to fight to stand. In the same way, there are other resources to fight on the ground, such as dislocations, strangulations, and the beatings described above.
But... What combat disciplines does mixed martial arts encompass?
There is a great variety, commonly and among others, we can point out: karate, kickboxing, boxing,
muay thai, judo, wrestling, Greco-Roman, jiu jitsu, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, wushu, sand da, sambo, taekwondo, and many others.
Origins and present
The origins of the MMA arose at the beginning of the 20th century in Europe, Japan, and mainly in Brazil, where "Vale Tudo" was practiced as loosely regulated and more brutal combat. The United States imported the Vale Tudo, modifying it until it became the well-known UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship); On the other side of the ocean, in Japan, little by little, MMA was introduced as a martial art, coming to influence the UFC in terms of rules and regulations that guaranteed more regulated combat for the combatants.
The most distant predecessor of the "Vale Tudo" is the Pankration, a combat jiu jitsu modality that appeared for the first time in the 33rd Olympiad in 648 BC. C. in Greece, two modalities were practiced: the Katopankration (which was the closest thing to current Muay Thai)
and the Anopankration, a modality in which, in addition to percussion techniques, it was allowed to continue combat on the ground using all kinds of submission techniques, such as chokes, holds, etc.
The introduction of mixed martial arts was gradual in UFC combat jiu jitsu, arriving in the early 1990s to include three effective MMA fighting techniques: Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, amateur wrestling, and submission wrestling. The complete athletes and those who have the most resources, combining the resources of the fight with the striking techniques, are the ones who usually win the fights. However, it is also necessary to master the methods of the soil, where, for example, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitioners have greater advantages.
The athletes learned more and completed their techniques and skills as the tournaments became popular. Those who came from pure martial arts learned submission positions and takedowns; the fighters, for their part, included punch and kick techniques in their way of fighting. The current result is that of very complete athletes, experts in various styles, with high cross-training development, and who use very diverse techniques.
Disciplines most used by Mixed Martial Arts participants
- Kickboxing:is a combat sport in which the fists and feet are used. It mixes boxing and karate techniques, including Muay Thai low kicks to the thighs.
- Brazilian Jiu-jitsu:It is characterized mainly by its fighting techniques on the ground. The methods of surrender, dislocation, strangulation, and immobilization describe it.
- Traditional Ju-jutsu:stands out for the great variety in joint dislocations, throws, strangulations, and submissions.
- Judo:a system based fundamentally on strangulations, dislocations, immobilizations, and throws.
- Mixed martial artists practice boxingbecause it is ideal for first work, and handling the middle distance is considered the best in this regard.
- Karate:His punch and kick combination techniques are highly effective in standing combat.
- Taekwondo:Taekwondo stands out for the variety and spectacularity of its kicking techniques and is currently one of the best-known combat sports.
- Sambo:the combat jiu jitsu system developed in Russia based on various hand-to-hand fighting styles such as Judo, Greco-Roman, and Olympic wrestling.
- Wrestling (Free and Greco-Roman): For hand-to-hand fighting work, contemplate numerous takedowns and throws. In sports, two opponents, following certain rules, fight hand-to-hand to knock down and immobilize the opponent so that he touches his back on the ground for a few seconds.
What are the general rules?
Next, we are going to see what are some of the most important and general rules.
The fighters must go out to fight with a lycra short, mouth guard, cup, and duly approved gloves.
- The fighters face each other according to their weight (light, welterweight, middle, light heavyweight, and heavyweight).
- The duration of the bouts in amateur mode is two rounds of 5 minutes. Professional MMA usually has between 3 and 5 games of 5 minutes, with 1-minute rest between each.
- The fight can end by KO, by the surrender of the opponent (due to submission, for example), or the decision of cards.
- It is forbidden to hit the back of the opponent's head, neck, neck, throat, spine, or private parts.
- While standing, you cannot kick or knee an opponent who is on the ground.
- Heel kicks to the liver.
- Punches, kicks, knees, or elbows are accepted, but not head butts since, at the time, it was considered an attack that did not require any technique and caused too bloody combat.
- It is forbidden to grab the fingers of the opponent.
- Scratching, pinching, putting fingers in the eyes, or pulling hair is prohibited.
- It is not allowed to grab the opponent by the pants or hold on to the bars to avoid a fall or get up afterward.
- He was spitting or insulting the rival or his corner.
- Refusing combat may be punishable by removal.
Martial arts as transmitters of Values
Finally, we must mention that martial arts are a discipline in which social values, respect, and solidarity go hand in hand despite their aggressiveness. Let's point out some very important ones:
- Courage. Always do what is fair, whatever the cost, without fear of fear.
- The kindness. Be generous and tolerant. Always be ready to forgive.
- Politeness. Good manners and respect in dealing with others and in individual behavior.
- The detachment. Act selflessly, without selfishness.
- The sincerity. Always tell the truth. Be faithful to the given word.
- The honor. The value, appreciation, and defense of one's dignity.
- Modesty. Do not be arrogant or vain.
- Loyalty. Do not betray anyone or yourself.
- The self-mastery. Control of thoughts, words, actions, and emotions.
- The friendship. Knowing how to share, collaborate and help.